On Wednesday 25th of October 2017, Rotterdam School of Management hosted the Closing Conference for the research project on Inclusive Business Strategies in Africa. The project has been funded by NWO/WOTRO as part of the INCLUDE Knowledge Platform on Inclusive Development Policies, which seeks to generate evidence based knowledge for informing development policies. The project, which lasted two and half years, was implemented through a collaboration between Rotterdam School of Management (RSM), Eastern and Southern African Management Institute (ESAMI) and the Netherlands?African Business Council (NABC). The action research programme investigated how businesses can contribute to inclusive development in Africa, also called inclusive business models or Base of the Pyramid (BoP) strategies. The research brought together a large consortium of business organizations, knowledge institutes, NGOs, and government agencies from the Netherlands and six African countries namely, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. The main objective of the conference was to share the results from the research programme, and invite further reflection on the way forward. The audience included 30 participants coming from businesses, civil society organizations and knowledge institutes.